During the Ten-Year War (1868-1878), Cienfuegos patriots massively
joined, since 1869, the Liberation Army and
carried out numberless actions along the territory. Later, during
the Small War (1879-1880), the Spanish colonial army set up a
fortified military line known as "trocha", which extended
along the Santo Domingo, Cruces y Ranchuelo populations and which
was reutilized along the Independence War (1895-1898) to stop
the East-West invasion. Just to the south of Cruces, took place
the famous Battle of Mal Tiempo, one of the most considerable
defeats of the Spanish army and one of the biggest victories of
the liberation army, commanded by Cuban generals Máximo
Gómez, Antonio Maceo and Serafín Sánchez
and counting on a force of 500 men,
who totally defeated with their machetes a troop of about 700
Spanish soldiers to continue their way to Cuba's western territories.
Mal Tiempo National Park, located in the town of Cruces, recalls
that historical event that took place there on December 15th,
1895. Another place of interest related to our history is that
where a monument rises to the memory of Cuban Liberation Army
Brigadier Henry Reeve, known as El Inglesito (little Englishman).
Later, during the civil war, Cienfuegos was taken over for a short
period of time on September 5th, 1957 by Batista's regime Navy
officers and members of 26 of July revolutionary movement in a
proof of extraordinary bravery.